Tuvhun MonasteryHigh in the mountains marking the north side of the Orkhon Waterfall lie the ruins of this ancient temple and retreat. Zanabazar founded the site in 1653 and lived, worked and meditated here for 30 years. Several pilgrimage sites have grown up around the temple and hermit’s caves, including one that is said to be Zanabazar’s boot imprint.
Mongolia's ancient capital, Kharakhorum, Chinggis Khaan's fabled city, was founded in 1220. Kharakhorum was centre of world culture in the 13th century. It was from there that the Mongol Empire was governed, until Khubilai Khaan moved it to Beijing. The first Buddhist monastery called Erdene Zuu was built near the ruins of Kharakhorum in 1586. The stone blocks and other building materials from the ruins Kharakhorum were used in the construction of this monastery. The territory of the monastery occupies an area surrounded by a stone wall with 108 stupas. Three main temples stand in the most sacred western sector of the monastery. The monastery preserves marvelous works of the Mongolian artisans, painters, cutters, sculptors, embroiders, and craftsmen of the 17th to 19th centuries. It is located 370 km away from Ulaanbaatar and has an elevation of 1600 meters above sea level. Outside the monastery walls are two “turtle rocks”. Four of these sculptures once marked the boundaries of ancient Kharakhorum, acting as protectors of the city (turtles are considered of symbols of eternity).
Elsentasarkhai sand duneThere is a stretch of sand dunes of about 80 km long starting from the western side of Batkhaan Mountain and along the western side of Hugnukhaan Mountain. These sand dunes known as the Mongol sand, Hugnu Tarna sands are famous for its rich growth of willow trees and various bushes.
Terelj resortOpen all year round, Terelj resort is located in the Gorkhi-Terelj National Park. You can travel by coach or by car. It is located 80 km away from Ulaanbaatar and has an elevation of 1600 meters above sea level. It is one of the most picturesque places in the outskirts of Gorkhi. Visitors can take leisurely strolls on green meadows carpeted with edelweiss and a dazzling variety of other wild flowers, view fascinating rock formations against a backdrop of pine covered mountains and wander along the wooded banks of mountain streams. There are great opportunities for hiking, horse and camel riding, rock climbing and rafting.
KhorgoThis mountain is an extinct volcano which lies on the eastern part of Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake. The mountain has enjoyed State protection since 1965. Its width is 200 meters, and the depression at the top of the volcano is over 100 meters deep. Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake:
The protected area of Khorgo holds Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur which is an astonishingly beautiful lake with crystal clear water. Torrents of lava from Khorgo volcano blocked the north and south Terkh Rivers, thus forming the enclosed lake of Terkhiin Tsagaan at an elevation of 2060 meters above sea level. The lake is 4-10 km wide, 20 meters deep, and over 16 km in length.
Orkhon Waterfall on the Ulaan River, cascades from an impressive height of 20 m. Its width is 10 m. Orkhon River flows from Gyatruu range through basalt rocks from this wonderful waterfall.