Western MongoliaWestern Mongolia offers you the Great lakes of Mongolia, snow covered mountains of Mongol Altai range, big rivers and a variety of ethnic groups. The Mongol Altai range has a lot of ibex and wild sheep. Bayan-Ulgii province is located at the far west of Mongolia. The Bayan-Ulgii province is one of western Mongolia’s most beautiful traverses and perhaps the world’s most pristine wilderness area. Mongolia’s highest mountain is located in this province. Travelers will meet the Khazakh people who have a distinctly different culture from the Mongolians. They can be seen herding their yaks and hunting with trained eagles. In addition, Khazakh people still wear their traditional clothes.
Tavan Bogd National ParkThe Altai mountain range stretching for 900 km across Russian, Mongolia, and China and the Tavan Bogd National Park have always stood out from any other part of Mongolia. The highest mountain peak, the KHUITEN UUL at 4,374 meters (14,300 feet) flanked by four other peaks along with the Potanin river, the source of a massive glacier, are commonly known as Tavan Bogd or the Five Saints. The range is home to Argali sheep, ibex, maria (large Siberian deer like elk), brown bear, marmot, fox and wolf, as well as the endangered snow leopard and lynx. Birds include Saker falcons, Altai snow cocks and golden eagles.
Khoid Tsenkheriin AguiKhoid Tsenkheriin Agui or the Blue Caves dating 20,000-15,000 years ago are rightfully considered world class evidence of the Upper Paleolithic period. Numerous symbols and animals painted with rosy and brown colors deep inside the cave are world class evidence of the Upper Paleolithic period.
Tsambagarav MountainTsambagarav Mountain at an altitude of 4,208 m straddles the depict a quietly standing stag, a buffalo with horns, oxen, ibexes, elephants, ostriches, and two-humped camels either separately or overlapping each other.
KhoomiiDiphonic song (over tone singing )Khoomii: Is the most spectacular and probably the oldest form. Known as khoomii in Mongolian, it's a vocal technique by which a single performer can produce two or even three separate lines simultaneously. the notes are continued and low made by forcing air through a constricted throat and a series of harmonies made by the tongue which, rolled under the palate, guages the breath, producing sounds remarkable similar to those of a flute. The vocal imitation of the flute and the Jew's harp was traditionally the exclusive province of men. Khoomii is linked to shamanism and is characterizes by the production of sounds imitating those of nature; the soft noise of the wind cascades and rivers and birds songs are just a few.
The Uvs LakeUvs Lake the largest lake in Mongolia is five times saltier than the ocean and devoid of edible fish and of outlets. The lake’s surface is at an altitude of 759 m that makes it the lowest point in Western Mongolia, ideal for research of global warming. There are 38 rivers that enter Uvs Lake. Ornithologists have documented over 200 species of birds around Uvs Nuur, including cranes, spoonbills, geese and eagles, as well as gulls that fly thousands of kilometers from the southern coast of China to spend a brief summer in Mongolia.
Uvs Nuur Basin, UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Uvs Nuur Basin, covering an area of 1,068,853 ha, is the northernmost of the enclosed basins of Central Asia. The basin is named after Uvs Nuur lake a large, shallow and very saline lake, important for migrating birds, waterfowl and shorebirds. The site is made up of 12 protected areas representing the major biomes of eastern Eurasia. The steppe ecosystem supports a rich diversity of birds and the desert is home to a number of rare gerbil, gerboas and the marbled polecat. The mountains are an important refuge for the globally endangered snow leopard, argali (mountain sheep) and the Asiatic ibex.
In view of its unique climatic and hydrological regimes, the closed lake system of Uvs Nuur has great importance for the scientists. The scientists have an opportunity to unravel the rate at which Uvs Nuur (and other smaller lakes within the basin) have become saline and eutrophic amidst an unchanging nature of nomadic pastoral use of the grasslands within the basin over thousands of years.
Khyargas LakeKhyargas Nuur national park has wonderful hot springs. South of Khyargas Nuur at the end of Zavkhan river lies a freshwater lake Airag Nuur where more than 20 breeding pairs of migratory Dalmation pelicans are found every year. Khar Us Nuur or Ulgii Nuur and Uureg lakes round off the many lakes of Uvs aimag each with its own natural beauty of flora and fauna. Lastly, Achit lake the largest freshwater lake in Uvs offers stunning sunsets and sunrises and great fishing.
Otgontenger mountainOtgontenger mountain is located 60 km east of Uliastai, third historically significant settlement of Mongolia and the capital of Zavkhan aimag has been worshipped for centuries (women are not allowed to ascend the mountain). At 3,905 meters the mountain is the highest peak in Khangai range and is favored by hardcore mountaineers and alpine explorers.
Kazakh peopleThe Kazakhs are a Turkic people of the western part of Mongolia (largely Kazakhstan, but also found in parts of Uzbekistan, China, Russia, and Mongolia). modern day Kazakhs are now descendants of Turkic tribes Mongol groups, Indo-Iranian tribes and Huns which populated the territory between Siberia and the Black Sea and remained in Central Asia when the Turkic and Mongolic groups started to invade and conquer the area between the fifth and thirteenth centuries AD .
Kazakh culture is quite different from Mongolian: even Kazakh saddles are a different shape. Many are also skilled in the performance of Kazakh traditional songs. One of the most commonly used traditional musical instruments of the Kazakhs is the dombra, a plucked lute with two strings. Another popular instrument is kobyz, a bow instrument played on the knees. Along with other instruments, these two instruments play a key role in the traditional Kazakh orchestra.