Mongolia is located in the heart of Asian Landscape in which has immeasurable huge grass of steppes, sand dunes, rocky and forest Mountain ranges. Traditionally, Mongolian lifestyle is based on nomadic lifestyle in which consists of vary kind of nomadic tribes. Moreover, we are the people who live under the blue sky that is remarkable sunny country enjoying 280 sunny days per year. The climate is such extremely wide open and because of the location, Mongolia is far from seas and oceans in the lee of surrounding Mountains, so that it is very dry and cold as well as diversity of natural environmental country. In summer time, average temperature 20celcius and – 24 Celsius in a winter. In each part of areas has its own different feature that you will never forget if you visit there once.
Territory: 1566500 square km
Population: 2.9 million
Highest Elevation: 4374 metre above sea level
Terrain: Vast semi –desert and plains, mountains are in the west and southwest, the Gobi Desert is south and southeast.
Climate: There are four well-defined seasons, and on average, the sun shines for well over 250 days a year. The climate is extremely continental with low precipitation. Average summer temperature is +20’C, average winter temperature is -26’C, average rainfall -200-220 mm. winter lasts from November to late April. Although winter is cold with lot of snowfall, it also has many sunny days.
Government: Parliamentary republic
State structure: Unitary state administratively divided into 21 provinces and a capital city.
Capital: Ulaanbaatar (population over 1 million)
Economy: It is traditional based on agriculture livestock breeding and also mining (mainly gold, coal, copper)
Language: Mongolian Language. Common spoken foreign languages –English and Russian
Religions: Buddhism is dominant, but traditionally we accustomed to have focused more attention on shamanism. Some elements of Christians and Muslims are available as well.
Time zone: +8 hours to GMT
Currency: Tugrik, All major currencies can be exchange at banks and licensed exchange centers in Ulaanbaatar. Credit cards are accepted at biggest hotels, restaurants and supermarkets.
Electricity: Power supply is 220 V and 50 Hz. Sockets require a two – pin type plug or an adapter.
Country code: 976 and area code for Ulaanbaatar 11
Visa: Visa is issued by Mongolian Embassies and Diplomatic Missions abroad or can be obtained at the international airport by those with a formal letter of invitation. If travelling on an organized tour, visa can be obtained through tourism companies or travel agencies.
Health: No specific requirements, all visitors should ensure that they come to Mongolia with suitable medical insurance
Insurance: You are recommended to have travel insurance with an insurance company of your country.
Food: There are varieties of restaurants in Ulaanbaatar serving Mongolian, Chinese, Russian, European, Japanese, and Korean, Thai and Latin American foods.
Public Holidays: New Year- 1 January, Lunar New Year- 2 days mostly in February, International Women’s Day -8 March, Mother and Children’s day -1 June , National Holiday “Naadam”- 11-13 July, Independent day -26 November.